Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they cast doubt on the specific points made in the reading passage.

Recently there has been a huge debate about deforestation. More specifically, the author in the passage discusses that deforestation in some ways has some benefits for the people, such as increasing the economic status and stabilize the food security. However, the professor in the listening section disagrees. He believes that deforestation can cause lots of damage to the nature and also to human in the future. He states that the author has not consider the long term effect of this action. In the reading passage, the writer begins by stating that deforestation action is needed because it can raise the crops and livestock due to the raising of population. As people in the world increase, they need food to survive. The author also states that by increasing the farmlands, it can becomes an addition to state revenue by doing export. However, the professor disagrees to this claim, he states that the reduction of rainforest by deforestation can cause lots of problems to the nature, he gives an example that in Brazil, more than 60% of rainforest has been destroyed by human just for their needs, he also claims the production of livestock can be increased by doing hydroponic instead of cutting the forest, a new method of farming that does not require soil. Moreover, the author in the reading passage claims that deforestation is a way to increase the resident area due to the increase of population. By expanding the area of living it will create an economic live and give benefits to regional economy. The professor disagrees with this viewpoint. He states that human should not focus only on economic problems but also concentrate to nature difficulties. Many kinds of animals such as insects, mammals, reptiles and others are displaced due to the deforestation. In addition, deforestation will reduce the capacity of earth in producing Oxygen, since 20% of world Oxygen is created by the rainforest. Finally, the writer also emphasize that deforestation will give benefit as it opens jobs opportunity in forestry industries such as paper and furniture, in order to support economic life especially in developing countries such as Thailand, Brazil and Indonesia. Again, the professor is doubtful about this claim. He states that in fact, wood industries only give small salary to the workers, and it is not worthy compared to this life-threatening job. In conclusion, both the author and the lecturer hold conflicting views about deforestation. The professor definitely counters all the arguments of the author by giving examples and more rational explanation.
Submitted by JAMES IBRAHIM 2019 on
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