In the United States, employees typically work five days a week for eight hours each day. However, many employees want to work a four-day week and are willing to accept less pay in order to do so.
The article introduces the topic of four day work week and its benefits. More specifically, the author discusses the advantages of working four days a week over five days a week. However, the lecturer in the listening passage disagrees. He believes that the advantages the author mentions are misleading and attacks each of the claims made in the reading passage for three reasons. First of all, the writer claims that employees who are interested to sacrifice one day per week pay for free time will be benefited from four days per week's work policy. He also states that this scheme has a positive impact on companies and economies too. The speaker, however, disagrees. He argues that, if the above policy s followed, companies may end up spending a lot more than expected on training and medical benefits. He illustrates the former point by stating that, as the number of employees increase, medical policies count raises, in turn leading to higher expenditure. Secondly, the author claims that four days work week help working people in taking rest and being alert in the office. There will be no change in the payroll cost, as the employees are ready to bear the pay cut for un-attended days. In addition, a four-day policy contributes to less costly errors and a healthy work environment. Again, the lecturer believes that there is a flaw in the writer's argument. The lecturer suggests that this may lead to unforeseen circumstances that lead to an imbalance in the workplace. In addition, he says that some employees may end up working overtime to meet the expectations of the employer. No additions jobs will be created and the current job atmosphere may become unpleasant. Finally, the author feels that following a four-day work policy may create more jobs and a reduction in the unemployment rate. The workload can be shifted with the new employees. The speaker in the listening passage is doubtful that this is accurate. Moreover, he suggests that imbalance in the work duration may degrade the quality of free time and job stability. This may affect the promotion cycle, and people may end up losing more. There can be a situation where employers prefer people working in five day work week over four day work week. To sum up, both the writer and professor hold conflicting views about the workweek duration. It’s clear that they will have trouble finding common ground on this issue.
Submitted by sindhu chava on